The one-horn rhinos of Kaziranga National Park, Assam state, India

The Kaziranga National Park was first established in 1905 as a reserve forest, and it now represents one of the most successful wildlife conservation stories in India, also being declared a World Heritage Site!

Located on the edge of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, the park combines high species diversity and as well as visibility. Among its stars are Asian elephants, water buffalo, swamp deer and various species of birds, as well as tigers (park being declared a Tiger reserve in 2006 and hosting highest tiger density among protected areas) and the very unique one-horn or Asian Rhino (hosting more than half of the entire world population split between India -3500 exemplars- and Nepal -645 exemplars-), with best visit time between Oct and May (avoiding the rainy months of Jun-Sep).

The most successful story of the park is that of the one-horn Asian rhino, which made a spectacular come-back, from only 12 individual rhinos in 1908 following decades of hunting to more than 3500 individuals in 2015. Still poaching is a current threat to existing individuals, but the survival of the species seems assured, thanks to a good park management by Indian authorities. Outside national parks, apart from illegal hunting, the rhinos face continuous human expansion pressure, with historical habitat drastically reduced already.

Visiting the park helps assure the future of this wonderful wild animal, as well as the preservation of this entire Eco-system with its wonders! For more details on the park check the park’s Facebook account Here

 

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