Exclusive interview with Covid

Wildlife-Reporter: Hello! Hola! Ola! Hallo! Priviet! …We are happy to present you a truly global character, Mr. Covid, who may not be our Top impact nomination for 2020 only, but potentially for the last decade, and beyond! How are you?

Mr. Covid: Hello! Really happy to be here! I appreciate the invite, your home is really cozy so I might stay for a while!

W.R.: Well, we didn’t really invite you, let’s say we were a bit taken by surprise by your visit…

M.C.: Ooh, sorry to hear! But in fact, it is your kind who stepped un-invited into my house first, and disturbed my eventless life, which then led to my unexpected adventure into human world! I was perfectly happy in my natural home, living among different species like forest bats, keeping a low profile…but this is the past! Now my life has a true meaning, your world really allowed me to expand and travel in all corners of the planet, in such record times!

W.R.: Well, don’t get too comfortable…

M.C.: Why not? I am already very comfortable! I have officially met more than 40 million of your kind, unofficially a lot more, I survived the many barriers you put to stop me, I am now preparing a full come-back…I am a truly global force now, impacting your way of life, your society, your economy, your sleep, and even …climate change, they say…everything!

W.R.: And that is the problem! Most people liked their way of life before you showed up…

M.C.: And which way of life was that? The unsustainable one you keep promoting even now? It has no future anyway, with or without me…I am only a consequence of that way of life, not the cause of its (self)destruction!

W.R.: Well, what about a vaccine? Wouldn’t that stop you?

M.C.: Haha! You simply cannot accept the failure of your own system and keep dreaming of a silver bullet to comfortably continue living as before! I am afraid you are missing the point I was trying to make here: your model of living is broken and even an anti-Covid vaccine wont change that. I am just one insignificant option – a simple form of virus – from a very large arsenal of options that planet has and will imminently use if you don’t learn the lesson now! Don’t be so negative when it comes to me, be open-minded, understand the causes that led to this situation and try to improve! Humans have for long time dodged evolution’s challenges, but tough as they may seem, on long-run they only make your species stronger!

W.R.: Well, trying to be positive, I acknowledge something: You managed in a short time to raise awareness of the many issues humans have created to the planet, well better than any NGO or environmentalist could have done. Despite your arrival being anticipated by some, the majority of us today are still in shock and in denial phase, as well as politicians, whereas others may welcome you as you made them richer faster…

M.C.: You see? Perception differs from the point of view…

W.R.: Trump or Biden?

M.C.: Haha! You would think because I have met Trump personally, I may prefer him? It makes no difference to me!  As long as you all don’t change individually from inside, change your social and economic model, your infrastructure, your habits,…, everything, I am here to stay! We will have to learn to live side by side!

W.R.: Will see about that, time will tell! Thank you for the conversation!

Exclusive interview with Mother Nature

Wildlife-Reporter: Happy New Year, Mother Nature! Here we are, in 2020, what can we expect this milestone year? People like rounded figures and there were many predictions in place on how the world will look like in 2020, 2050 or 2100!

Mother Nature: Happy New Year! Indeed many predictions are being made especially around climate change and its impacts on peoples’ lives, and many already a reality. Carbon cycle affects the fabric of life. Increase in carbon and the web of life weakens and sometimes collapses. But what is the point of no return in avoiding a climate apocalypse, difficult to say in reality, as it depends on number of unknown inputs into the equation, for example, what measures will people take to avoid a worst-case scenario. The ecosystem is very complex and difficult to precisely pin-point when and what will trigger a chain reaction, the permanent change or the apocalypse. But following the statistics and trends, it is clear that the world is heading fast in the wrong direction and you should be concerned, we see record heat in many points of Earth, more intense drought or floods in others, ever increasing number of climate migrants, record surface ravaged by wildfires and ever more North, more coral bleaching then before, more often and stronger hurricanes…these are facts, impacting already lives of millions of people, and it is a matter of (relatively short) time before it impacts each of you individually, wherever you are in the world! Most likely, 2020 is just another year in this direction, since disappointingly so far not much has been done to change the course!

W-R: What can be done to change the course? And by whom?

M.N.: At population level of 7.6 Billion and growing (by +80 Mil in 2019 alone, adding another Germany to the world population), and with current economic system, based on fossil fuel, consumption under the economic growth mantra and competition between countries and individuals at an equivalent of an arm race, only individual change towards a more nature friendly way of life may not be enough, but it is a beginning. A complete change of the economic system and people mindset may be needed, in a very short time, with appropriate global institutions and laws, that would genuinely protect Nature, its forests, its waters and all the other species of the ecosystem Earth, with people mindset moving towards Global citizenship instead of nationalism, within a sustainability oriented system and not focused only on continuous economic growth, with its GDP all-fit indicator being replaced by sustainability indexes, focused on cooperation rather than competition! The nature solution is built on cooperation and self-organization, trillions of atoms combined and working together to keep human body alive everyday or the millions of species living in an inter-dependent state in the ecosystem. Only in economics is endless expansion seen as virtue, in biology it is called cancer. The highest race of animals, the human race, ought to unite into one whole like a swarm of bees, it should thrive towards continence and not towards inflaming desire and comfort – to which the whole system of human life is now directed.

W-R: What would be the challenge, in making the right changes effective, in short term?

M.N.: Firstly, humans…and their limitation to understanding their own history and that of the planet they inhabit, and visualize what is their place in the Nature and Universe (from which you may know as much as 5%) and where you are heading. When it comes to its daily existence, the average human intellect cannot grasp beyond immediate senses stimulus, and the full range of causes that lie behind any phenomenon. Too often effect is taken for cause! But the need to discover cause is deeply ingrained in the spirit of the man. And so the human intellect ignores the infinite permutations and sheer complexity of all the circumstances surrounding a phenomenon, any one of which could be individually construed as the thing that caused it, latches on the first and easier approximation and says: “This is the cause!”. Humans believe in stories rather than in facts, numbers or equations, and the simpler the story, the better. Man-made institutions and laws are now above natural laws. If nature destruction is done in name of “progress”, because a politician says so and a government makes it legal, then it is hardly challenged by the majority. Entire political careers were built around simplistic story-telling with promise of never ending well-being, voters choosing plain language and charisma over science complex language specialists, favoring short term economic gains, which only increase the ecological debt, to be paid by future generations. So democratically elected politicians today are only the effect, not the cause of the problem, telling people what they want to hear, caring only about quarterly economic results and at most the election cycle of few years. But Homo Sapiens is not built for satisfaction, human happiness depending less on objective conditions and more on own expectations, which, however, tend to adapt to conditions, including those of other people. When things improve, expectations balloon, and consequently even dramatic improvements in conditions might leave them dissatisfied as before…And next elections start, new stories are being told, and same or more extremist choices are being made, and so on…Non-democratic governments follow trend, locked in an eternal struggle with their democratic counterparts to prove and deliver economic well-being to their citizens, thus legitimizing their existence.

Secondly, humans! Their current adaptability, provided they lived for generations now in relative comfort, losing many of the abilities of their ancestors, as well as willingness or stubbornness to face the truth and embrace the change, to challenge the status-quo. Too many people today feel genuinely distressed sitting in winter in their homes at anything below 25 degrees Celsius, or eating less then 5000 calories per day…As well as the ignorance, reacting only to immediate life threatening situations! The greatest crimes in modern human history result from ignorance and indifference, today air pollution killing more people then historical wars and terrorism combined – in annual terms -, but with everyone embracing it as a “necessary evil”, or not even thinking about it when crossing highly vehicle contaminated streets on the way to daily job to pay the bills, just because you don’t see the immediate threat to oneself health; agriculture, another major contributor to global warming, the majority of you remain unaware of how, where and by whom our food is grown and at what ecological cost, and what it actually contains and what long term impact has on your health; immediate poisoning would be unacceptable, long-term health implications from bad food or polluted environment are seen as a myth or something for others to worry not for oneself; a bag of garbage thrown in the street may trigger through visual stimulus an unpleasant reaction of anyone passing-by, but the tones of garbage thrown out-of-sight in nature or exported to poor countries every day, these are not upsetting anyone; a documentary on plastic pollution of oceans enrages anyone, but that doesn’t stop individuals using the plastic straws or bags, somehow the connection between cause and effect is not made, if the effect is visible outside individual visual range…and so on…But not using straws or buying an electric car doesn’t make you environmental friendly over night, there is a burden on nature with each person, but the problem only occurs when nature regeneration ability is exceeded and a balance is upset. Nature stewardship is not a Hollywood movie, with evil clearly defined, limited number of characters, and an almost guaranteed outcome, the predefined good defeating the predefined evil, it is much more complex then that! Then there are the climate skeptics, and a man with a conviction is a man hard to change, even in the face of contradiction, he is immune to evidence and rational arguments. Tell him you disagree and he turns away. Show him the facts and figures and he questions your sources. Appeal to logic and he fails to see the point…Like smokers continuing their habit as they watch the photos with smoking related illnesses on each cigarette package they purchase, too many are in business-as-usual mode…

Thirdly, humans! And their cynic man-made social and economic system, and humans’ lack of imagination when it comes to alternatives! There are some 4 million different kinds of animals and plants in the world. Four million different solutions to the problem of staying alive but your man-made system doesn’t chose to learn from other species but exploit them, quickly monetize, turn them to materialistic profit (of a small elite), anything what would give them a competitive edge over the peers, and the rest of you hails that, under assumptions that through economic competition and nature exploitation we get the best there is in life, without even having discovered yet what life is. Nature has been slashed and categorized, and a price tag has been put on its real-estates, as if you can really price them in human economic terms, ignoring that Nature offers free of charge trillions-worth of services (free, air, clean water,…) to humans, which are valued at zero in human economic terms. All the solutions to human problems are there in the nature, the most energy efficient systems but people prefer a natural resource-exploiting economy. There is a cure for any disease or virus in nature, but you destroy it before you get to know all its species and their secrets. Humans’ system of monetizing does not extend to other species, they have no value. A system who knows the price of everything and the value of nothing, this is the very definition of a cynic.

W-R: What about technology, can it save the planet? The recent innovations, they must be useful somehow in the fight against climate change…

M.N.: Some people are convinced of efficacy of science to bail them out of any and every crisis, regardless of what science can actually do, impatient of anything scientists might actually say, people will always search the easy way-out of anything, a cure-all kind of pill to swallow or a reset button to press. The recent solar and wind energy were only increasing economic capacity, as fossil fuel use was globally on the raise as well. And computers didn’t bring the expected efficiencies and economic growth that was expected. In reality, people only benefit nature’s stored energy over millions of years, as they learn how to dig it out and use, the timeline of economic growth is just about perfectly consistent with the burning of those fossil fuels. Problem is that burning that energy and releasing all the carbon in the atmosphere is like a gaseous suicide, a running car in a sealed garage! And in general, innovation today is led by private organizations, which are only interested in innovations that can be monetized, the charity they make is usually for lobby purposes, or because there is a potential for profit, like for the recent more organic and ecological friendly products created…And so, less likely to count on any technology silver bullet, unless maybe, faced with imminent and immediate annihilation scenario, when humanity may work together in this direction…

W-R: And the Artificial Intelligence, bio-engineering and other futuristic science? Will they help people adapt to the new environment challenges?

M.N.: The danger is that if you invest too much in developing AI and too little in developing human conscience, the very sophisticated AI of computers might only serve to empower the natural stupidity of their masters. Instead of globalization resulting in global unity, it might actually result in “speciation”, the divergence of humankind into different biological casts or even different species, based on bio-engineering and nano-technology available to super-rich only, who would finally have something really worthwhile to do with their wealth. Not just entire classes, but countries and continents might become irrelevant…This is a fight against human man-made inequality as it is a fight against climate change, and the poorer majority of people have most to lose. Advanced technology, depends by whom and how it is used, may be both good or evil. Same as with nuclear energy, can produce worse mass-destruction weapons or can provide energy for civil purposes…

W-R: Is there still time and hope to save the Natural World as we know it? Many say we are in the middle of a new mass extinction event created by humans!

M.N.: When a mass extinction event kills off many species, those left will evolve and multiply – sometimes relatively quickly, to fill vacant ecological niches, as the mammals did after the age of dinosaurs  – with condition now that enough natural parks, species and unspoiled natural ecosystem are still protected somewhere in a natural state, from where a natural world can rebound, buying time until humans will learn the true value of nature… or by itself, in a post-humans world. The astonishing biodiversity on this planet resulted from unicellular organisms, so even if reduced to that, Nature will re-bound, given enough time, which is insignificant and never a difficulty for nature. The question is, if there is time and hope to save the Human World? Yes, there are successful stories and examples of international cooperation, to be able to further build on optimism and further initiatives. But rapid change has to start inside each of you, upgrade to the next level, through education and reconciliation with natural world, from which you have always been part of, and is the only way to progress in a sustainable way, side by side! Nature has the power to unite the world. Encounters with wild country would keep people “in touch with fundamental reality of the universe of which they are part”. Save the Nature, its ecosystems and its biodiversity and you save yourself! It is as simple as that and the price is supreme, a meaningful existence and own long-term survival!

wild springs

P.S. from author of the article: the replies on behalf of Mother Nature are paragraphs selected or inspired from books of specialists, historians and journalists, which are mentioned in the Facts section of this blog, and which I encourage reading. Photo has been personally taken on Russia’s Kamchatka peninsula.

Exclusive interview with the Lion King

Wildlife-Reporter: Your Highness, we are very happy to have you! After the amazing success of 2019’s animation movie – The Lion King – we definitely nominated you the Wildlife character and image of the Year, before even the year ended! How are you doing?

The Lion King: Thank you for having me! Indeed, for a short time, as the latest version of the movie “The Lion King” was rolling in the cinemas, our species got the a lot of sympathy from people of all ages around the world! However, did you know that in reality, between the release of the first version of “The Lion King” in 1994 until now, so in just 25 years, the number of wild lions reduced in half?

W-R: How is that possible? The movie didn’t share such tragic message…I was not aware!

L.K.: Indeed most people are too busy with their daily routines… And the movie was offering only a distraction to that routine, and bit of entertainment for the young ones, but doesn’t reflect our reality…

W-R: Is the mighty Lion King losing the fight against the Hyenas?

L.K.: Far from that…another human world stereotype! In our world, as opposed to Hollywood’s virtual world, we don’t have good characters and bad characters, we are all part of the same world, lions and hyenas, zebras and other animals and plants, locked in a permanent race for survival, but somehow always in a natural state of balance – the famous cycle of life! Hyenas are only our competitors in the Savannah, but they are doing a great sanitary service to the ecosystem, and they are not the cause of our disappearance! Animals are an easy subject of the media since they cannot protest, they can be inserted into any story as a positive or negative hero. Loss of prey species, loss of habitat, and human encroachment (agriculture, hunting and poaching) have caused our numbers to precipitously decline in the wild! But that has only led to a very concerning fact: in order to satisfy the demand of Western hunters, our kind is now bred and grown to maturity, legally, across Africa, in so called “lion farms” and sold to be killed for sport…not quite a royal death, I would say! Another earlier movie – Mia and the White Lion – has quite well captured this reality!

W-R: But will your fans around the world be able to help your kind?

L.K.: No doubt some of our human fans help a lot, through donations, by raising awareness of our reality or simply visiting national parks, where our kind is usually the main attraction…But we have lost already 94% of our historical range, and this is part of a bigger picture. Human world today looks rather similar with Hyenas world in the movie, where nature’s sustainable balance has been broken, there are no other species around and even the grass stopped growing! The human laws today are above Nature, serving only themselves, especially the top 1%…and another big majority, especially urban population, living in a state of “Hakuna Matata”, where good life is a guarantee and not much responsibility is desired! There is less and less room for wildlife and nature in the human world! Man is born into a world of artificially created institutions which are the only ones he considers to be objective and natural, standing apart from truly natural processes! And the impenetrable barrier only deepens between the realm of nature and culture! In this division nature is passive. It embodies irrationality, instinct and therefore primitivity!

W-R: If there was an All-Mighty Human King, what should he do to reverse the trend in a better direction, for humans, wildlife and Nature together?

L.K.: As said in the movie, the compassion is the main quality of a king, but not only, should be of each person, because change must start with each of you! A world without its biodiversity will be a different world, one of loneliness, one of suffering… even if the latest technology makes lions look very real on the cinema screen, the virtual world is no substitute for the real one! Human societies and leaders should be wiser today, think more long term, drive the change, educate others, do the right things…you have this responsibility, and you need to embrace it, as the dominant species of the Planet! Objective is to overcome the imaginary boundary between wildlife, nature and man, only this will enable a society to view nature as a place where all organisms can live together!

W-R: Is there still hope?

L.K.: There is always hope! But hoping without acting, that is dreaming! Think how you can help, set a number of objectives, learn, make some changes in your lifestyle to make it more nature friendly, influence other where you can and visit wildlife national parks, and spend more time in nature!

W-R: Thank you, Your Highness! Hope our worlds will never set apart, and we will meet again, in the African savanna next time!


Exclusive interview with the Brown Bear

Wildlife-Reporter: Wow, I see you have put on same weight since we last met! What happened?

Mr. Bear: Well, this is nothing, you should see my cousin from Kodiak, twice my size! It’s winter time and as you know, food is more scarce, so we have been gorging during the summer, eating pretty much everything, from grass to salmons, from insects to wild flowers, from forest raspberries to wild honey, from…

W-R: Never mind, before I get hungry…we invited you for an exclusive interview, as you are our nomination for 2018 most famous wildlife icon! And we promise not to keep you long, as we know you must be on your way to winter residence for the long hibernation sleeps! How have you been?

Mr. B: We, bears, are creatures of habit, shy and peaceful, so we try not to capture much attention, while getting on with our routine! That is why we acquired some nocturnal habits, to avoid company of men. And as always, we are mostly busy with… surviving! That involves storing enough fat for winter, raising our cubs and avoiding humans!

W-R: And how well do you manage to… survive?

Mr. B: We are pretty good at that, our kind evolved to be one of the most competitive large species in nature! We out-strong or out-smart our natural enemies, we have keen senses, we eat pretty much everything and we are very creative in finding the food, we can endure harshest weather conditions and our organism is adapted to recycling the nitrogen from our waste during the winter sleep and turning it into muscle building proteins thus coming stronger in spring and ready to resume activity immediately! We have no real natural predators, except for our own kind, large males which may be a threat to our cubs! But we are doing rather poor when coming to avoiding impact from human activity, our real protection here is the weather, while before modern human society we inhabited most of the planet (from African continent to North Pole, from Tibet to Mexico and up all the way to Alaska), now we retrieved to colder Northern regions or very remote mountain locations!

W-R: Which are the main human related threats, if I may ask?

Mr. B: Direct threats like trophy hunting, but also indirect ones through destruction of our main habitats, global warming (mainly for the Polar cousin) or poaching for our bladder, an organ of zero nutritional value to humans, but highly appreciated in Chinese culture, for its presumed magical powers! To these bile eaters I say one thing: If you want to be strong as a bear, don’t eat parts of the bear, but live like a bear, as only the strongest survive in our environment!

W-R: What about the human protection you get in the national parks?

Mr. B: We do appreciate the national parks, and we thank all our fans to come and see us, and teach their children and friends about us and about the places where we live! If it wouldn’t be for such places, we would have no presence in many places which we have always inhabited. Thanks to our fans and the boost that the local tourism gets, we are allowed to exist under protection and do what we know best, to survive, as wild bears! But these national parks cannot be our only home, nature doesn’t work like this, we need space, we sometimes need to migrate to other regions to avoid isolation and in-breeding, we need to live by nature’s law where strongest males father the new generations rather then decorating the wall of a rich hunter! We are the symbol itself of all there is, wild and free!

W-R: What should people learn, why it is so important for bears to continue being part of this new world, which is changing too fast under our own eyes?

Mr. B: Humans need to understand that bears, as well as other large carnivores, represent the top-chain of healthy ecosystems, that are providing free services worth trillions to human kind, but which are sensitive and whose resources are not able to regenerate faster than current exploitation levels! There cannot be a healthy ecosystem without carnivores, and there cannot be human kind in long run without a sustainable ecosystem! We are all part of this world, as we know it, remove one piece, and this world will turn into something else, totally different, with many unpredictable consequences!

W-R: Thank you Mr. Bear, we cannot agree more! And to conclude with, a poem for all to read, from one of your fans! And for those fans who would like to see you “live” in action, fishing salmons in Katmai/Alaska (during season), here is access to the parks video cameras: Live from Katmai

“I am bear. I am not just “a” bear. I am the forest. I am the fragile ecosystem. I am the running streams, the canopy of the pines, the whistling winds, the fertile soil, and the radiant sun. I am everything that is natural, beautiful, and mysterious in the universe. I am not one of many. I am all that is one. I am bear.” Poem by Jennifer S. Clayburg


Exclusive interview with the “Big Bad” Wolf

Wildlife-Reporter: If we had a “TIME” magazine type of nomination, you would definitely be on the cover of the 2017 edition. Not once you made the headline in Europe, you made a remarkable comeback in Greece, France, Italy, Germany and even Belgium (article example), you have been subject of conflict between wildlife protection NGOs and government in Norway, and it is 3rd year in a row when the famous Yellowstone National Park in U.S. exceeds 4 Mil tourists, where you are the main attraction!

Mr. Wolf: Usually for us attracting human attention means troubles, that is how you would explain our nocturnal habits, shy nature and illusive appearance! Nevertheless is true and there is hope, that with support of NGOs, we may take back our place in the ecosystem in Europe! But our recent comeback is rather due to abundant wild prey (after an extended period without predators) and our survival and adaptability skills, but future is far from secured, under threat by hunting, poaching, loss of habitat (including lack of natural corridors to unite our wild populations) and human transport networks, more and more developed and wildlife un-friendly! Without human society understanding and acceptance, we may lose this survival battle and we may be bound to limited spaces within ZOOs or national parks, as element of tourism industry and not as an essential part of a healthy ecosystem!

W-R: How the nick-name “Big Bad” Wolf was attributed to you and sticked for such log time?

Mr. W: Personally I prefer the nick-name “Guardian of the forest”, as it is closer to our role in the ecosystem, being on the nature’s top of the food chain, regulating the number of herbivores, which would otherwise multiply too much and would exhaust the food resources! It is a typical natural predator-prey relationship, assuring the ecosystem balance and long-term survival of predator, prey and plants! The term “Big” is rather subjective of human imagination, we are not bigger than some dogs for example, our size is perfectly suited to environment and size of wild prey we rely on, and the term “Bad” does not even find a place in nature, where as I mentioned, we all live in a balanced dependency, this is the natural state of a healthy eco-system, there is no such thing as good or bad wild animal, each has its role in the ecosystem!

W-R: Tell us more about yourself, what people should learn?

Mr. W: Our relationship with humans goes back more than 40.000 years ago, and has not always been bad. Some early humans were benefiting from our hunting skills and were often taking our prey but also some of our ancestors found in people a source of security, and they left the wilderness to be now part of human societies, these are modern day dogs, also called “human’s best friend”! But most of us continued our way in the wilderness, as we did for millions of years. We are not so different from people in certain regards, we have a complex family structure around an Alpha pair, we communicate between each-other, we defend a territory, we compete with our kind as well as other predators for food, to be able to raise our families, which, same as with humans, is our top priority, human parents can understand this!

W-R: How does a typical day in your life look like?

Mr. W: Depends really on the season! In winter we live in an extended pack format, we are more sociable and very mobile, we could easily cover 40 to 60 km in one night, as we are not bound to one place since our babies have grown and they can keep up with us. Most activity is focused on hunting, where tasks are split between team members. In a pack, as well as with help of deeper snow, it should be easier for us to make a successful hunt, but not all wild animals we encounter are being turned into food, we rely on our senses to detect certain weaknesses in our prey, mainly old age and possible diseases. With this, we may have the chance to catch our food once per week, that is a 1 in 10 chance of success! In summer, in a light pack format, we are bound to our nursery place, where we have to return after every meal we find, to feed our youngsters as well the dedicated nurse wolf assigned to take care of the cubs! And regardless of season, we are also busy protecting from other predators, or marking the boundaries of our territory to keep other packs at distance!

W-R: Did you eat the Red Riding Hood or not?

Mr. W: Continuously hunted and persecuted by people during centuries, we learned to associate the smell of people with danger, from early age, even if we never saw a human before. Therefore we run away at first human scent, normally never get close to humans. In rare case, when a wolf catches rabies, it may than get closer and bite people, or anything that comes across! Otherwise, humans have nothing to fear, wolves do not bite nor eat humans! On the contrary, it is our kind being hunted, trapped, poisoned, cursed, blamed and driven to extinction by humans! However folklore has its role in influencing humans, what is interesting is that at an early age children rather like wolves and other wild animals and nature, it is later on that their opinion changes in the opposite direction, and here people need to work more on education and keeping touch with nature in order to avoid this derail.

W-R: What about the ubiquitous accusations from part of farmers and killing of their livestock?

Mr. W: These accusations are surely over-exaggerated! Studies proved that a cow is statistically more likely to be hit by thunder, ran by a car or die from diseases, rather than being killed by a wolf. Sheep can also be easily protected by guarding dogs, very old and efficient method! Exceptions happen, and this is also human’s fault, when live-stock is left to graze in wild areas without guarding dogs, and wild prey is exceptionally rare, and when young wolves, potentially orphaned by hunters, may have to attack live-stock or face starvation!

W-R: Any wishes for 2018 and beyond?

Mr. W: Our biggest existential threat today is human misunderstanding! If people would understand our role in the ecosystem, and how the ecosystem and planet really work, we would all be able to live side by side, in harmony, as we did for millions of years! I wish therefore more understanding, peace, more wisdom and a healthy ecosystem for all to share and enjoy! And to all people fans, wishing you an excellent holiday time, together with dear ones, Merry Christmas and a Happy 2018 Year, full of good news from wilderness!

Mr W